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Plants and Flowers Encyclopedia

Banana plant care

Hardy banana plants are known to give a beautiful tropical look to the Dutch garden or room. That is why it is attractive to buy such a great banana plant. But what about the job plant care? In this article we try to explain as clearly and comprehensively as possible how a banana plant needs to be cared for.



  • Need a lot of water
  • Loving the sun
  • Keeping heat
  • Are very sensitive to weather conditions

Banana plants are solid drinkers

Plants generally consist mainly of water, and an average banana plant consists of as much as 80% water, so it's not surprising that in sunny conditions he also likes an extra sip. He wants a lot more water in the summer than in the winter, and he wants it every day, while in winter he only needs water once a week. But it's important that he doesn't get too much water, because that can be harmful to the roots, so make sure he doesn't get as much water as the soil can take up, and of course that also depends on the size of the soil.


Banana plants originally grow in the tropics, where it is very humid. The plant is used to this and gets healthy from it, so we recommend regularly watering the banana plant, which makes it feel at home in the tropics, and makes it extra strong. Also water the undersides of the leaves, which prevents vermin. This also keeps this plant from a tropical shower, so give it a 'rain shower' with the spray head on a regular basis to prevent dust from getting stuck on the leaves, and it also helps to clear up any dust that gets stuck on the leaves.

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Banana plant place

The banana plant can be grown both in the garden and in a room, but it does require a lot of sunlight, so make sure it has a place where the sun can come out in abundance, which applies to both the garden and the room. It is best to have a place where there is no draught and little wind, a greenhouse is also a good place for this plant, because it is used to the warm, humid tropics; if you move the banana plant during the day from the inside to the outside, or from dark to light, let it get used to an environment where there is a little less sunshine, and the direct transition from dark to light can damage the plant for a while first.

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Repot the banana plant

Repotting the banana plant should be done immediately after purchase, and then mainly in spring, when spring is preferred because the roots recovers best, and then the plant is ready for growth during the summer. This plant grows very quickly, and therefore it is good to repot it every year. Within a few years, some species (Musa basjoo) will grow to over 6 meters in height! The banana plant will do well with universal potting soil, as well as with Mediterranean potting soil, and you should not use hydro grains, as they can be used for an overabundance of moisture collection.

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Banana plant nutrition - what does he need?

Banana plants are fast growers and therefore need a lot of nutrition compared to slower growers. Without this nutrition, the plant cannot grow well either. We recommend that you feed the plant with additional houseplant nutrition. For the correct dosage, read the packaging of the houseplant nutrition. We recommend that you never use too much, which can be harmful, but only during the growth periods, when the plant calms down, you do not need to add extra fertilizer.

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Banana plant disease - Symptoms and solutions

When the leaves become ugly, this can be caused by many reasons, or several reasons together.\n\n the most common reasons are: \- The plant receives too much water, or too little water\- The plant has a lack of nutrients\- The air humidity is too low (e.g. in a heated room).

Too much or too little water

If you insert your finger a few centimetres into the soil, you may feel whether the soil is too dry or too wet. If it is too wet, we recommend that you find a solution to make the soil drier. This can be done by making holes in the pot so that the soil can leak, or by replacing part of the soil with dry soil as an emergency solution.

Lack of nutrients

In a number of cases you can assume that the plant is deficient in nutrients, either when you have used old soil for the plant that has already been used by other plants, or when you have used nutrient-poor soil, such as coconut soil. Coconut soil is not suitable for the banana plant, and if you have never added extra nutrients, it is likely that the plant is undernourished, depending also on the size of the plant. A large plant needs more nutrients than a small one.

Humidity too low

You can assume that the humidity is related to the condition of your banana plant when it is in a heated room, or in an air purifier/air-conditioner room. The plant loves humid environments, so you will have to move it, or turn off the installation.

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Propagating the banana plant - Is this possible, and how?

Banana plants are 'rhizome forming', which means that there are small shoots above the ground around the plant that produce their own roots. This usually happens when the 'mother plant' has reached a certain root ball size.  Once the sprout has reached a height of about 30cm, it can be 'cut off' and potted in its own soil. This will then become a fully-fledged banana plant, under good conditions.

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